Gender-specific associations of walkability: land use, walking, and sociodemographic characteristics | Associações gênero-específicas da caminhabilidade: uso do solo, caminhada e características sociodemográficas




Active travel. , Land use mix., Walkable spaces. , Women.


 Walkable spaces have the potential to promote economic vitality, environmental sustainability, and quality of life. Land use mix is one of the most widely studied walkability characteristics, profoundly related to walking. Women have been shown to have more complex travel patterns deeply connected to land use mix adjacent to their household. However, there is a lack of predictive evidence on such a relationship in Brazil. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to empirically verify the influence of land use mix on women's walking behavior, moderated by sociodemographic characteristics in a Brazilian city. With Origin-Destination data from a case study (Londrina, Paraná, Brazil), a logistic regression modeling was conducted. Women’s travel (n=9670) was the dichotomous response, while sociodemographic characteristics and land use proportions were independent variables. The main results show that land use mix expressively affects women's active travel behavior, where higher employment, income, and educational levels in women seem to negatively determine how much they walk. This study contributes with relevant insights to support evidence-based public policies. In our structurally rigid social paradigm, even further accentuated by our pandemic reality, urban land use policies may play an important role in advancing more gender-sensitive design guidelines.


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Biografia do Autor

Ana Luiza Favarão Leão, Universidade Estadual de Londrina

Universidade Estadual de Londrina | Centro de Tecnologia e Urbanismo | Programa de Pós-Graduação Associado UEM/UEL em Arquitetura e Urbanismo | Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, PR-445, Km 380, Campus Universitário, 86057-970, Londrina, PR, Brasil | Correspondência para/Correspondence to: A. L. F. LEÃO | E-mail: analuiza.

Milena Kanashiro, Universidade Estadual de Londrina

Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Centro de Tecnologia e Urbanismo, Programa de Pós-Graduação Associado UEM/UEL em Arquitetura e Urbanismo | Londrina, PR, Brasil.


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Como Citar

Favarão Leão, A. L., & Kanashiro, M. (2022). Gender-specific associations of walkability: land use, walking, and sociodemographic characteristics | Associações gênero-específicas da caminhabilidade: uso do solo, caminhada e características sociodemográficas. Oculum Ensaios, 19.



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