Evaluation of Chromium and Manganese levels in sports supplements using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry


  • Thalles Pedrosa LISBOA Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
  • Leonã da Silva FLORES Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
  • Charlane Cimini CORREA Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
  • Rafael Arromba de SOUSA Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora


Atomic absorption, Chromium, Manganese, Micronutrients, Supplements, X-ray diffraction


In this paper, we studied three different types of ordinary sports supplements containing whey protein: whey protein-based ones, hypercaloric ones, and protein bars.
A sample preparation procedure was studied employing microwave-assisted wet digestion in order to determine the Chromium and Manganese levels by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry.
The developed methods have presented good accuracy (recoveries in the range of 90% to 109%) and precision (Relative standard deviation <8%). Although an adequate detectability was obtained (50ng g-1 for Manganese and 65ng g-1 for Chromium), the sample preparation method was also adequate to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis. The method was applied to 26 commercial samples, in which the Chromium concentrations were in the range between 0.22 and 1.0μg g-1 and the Manganese concentrations varied from 2.0 to 37μg g-1.
The results obtained by atomic absorption for both analytes were in agreement with those obtained by mass spectrometry. In addition, some samples presented concentrations of Chromium above the recommended daily intake and, as a result, we used the X-ray powder diffraction technique as an analytical tool to evaluate the oxidation state of Chromium in such samples.


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Como Citar

Pedrosa LISBOA, T. ., da Silva FLORES, L. ., Cimini CORREA, C. ., & Arromba de SOUSA, R. . (2022). Evaluation of Chromium and Manganese levels in sports supplements using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Revista De Nutrição, 33, 1–13. Recuperado de https://seer.sis.puc-campinas.edu.br/nutricao/article/view/6639